Return to God – Memorial Day of Reformation

nagytemplom-20Martin Luther nailed his Ninety-five Theses to the door of All Saint’s Church in Wittenberg in 1517. The most important for Luther was the doctrine that salvation is possible by faith alone, and there is no distinction between priests and ordinary people.

Martin Luther was a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation; priest and Augustinian friar who became Doctor of Teology, professor of Biblical studies at Wittenberg University. Initially, he strived to implement his reforms in the frame of the universal – means Catholic – Church. His rhetoric and writing skills, not to mention his charismatic personality had a deep impact on his contemporaries and his doctrines put an end to the medieval hegemony of Catholicism. The Bible translated by him (the „Lutherbibel” in German) remained one of the most important Bible-translation at the German language area. According his thesis, Reformation is about returning to God.

Luther attached particular importance to music, especially  vocal church music that he considered one of most beautiful and admirable gift of God. He wrote the words of 37 (or, according to sertain sources, 38) Protestant songs, in German, incuding „A Mighty Fortress is Our God” which became the best loved hymns of the Lutheran tradition.  The first Protestant hymnal was published in 1524. In his Table Talk, Luther enthusiastically praised the beauty and the benefits of music.